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3 Main Types of Web Development

Last updated on 23 Feb, 2024 by Tech Sky Star

Web development is simply associated with building a website. It can range from a plain static HTML website or a full-blown complex web-based application. It is mainly about programming to create web pages or applications that can run in any web browser.

Do you know how many websites are on the world wide web as of now?

The answer is 1.8 billion websites are on the WWW as of now.

As you are reading this blog, the number might have sharply increased, and it consistently will.

In this competitive era of web development, it is crucial to understand each web development type and its technology.

What are the Different Types of Web Development?

Prior to understanding the web development process, it is crucial to understand the three main types of web development. Let us discuss the types and their related technologies. This will help you to understand how each web development type plays an essential role in building web solutions.

  1. Front-end Web Development
  2. Back end Web Development
  3. Full-stack Web Development

1. Front-end Web Development 

Front-end web development is known as client-side web development. It is a procedure of designing the user interface of the website with front-end technologies like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

The aim of developing the front end of the website is to allow website visitors to read the web content effortlessly. To motivate you to build a clean and beautiful website interface, the front-end developers / web designers need to write efficient and clean code. Front-end web development cost will be dependent on the size of web project and complexity of web project or you can request a quote.

Which are the languages used in Front-End Development?


HTML ( HyperText Markup Language ) is the standard markup language for documents designed to be displayed in a web browser. It can be assisted by technologies such as Cascading Style Sheets and scripting languages such as JavaScript.

  • Web designers use HTML to design the structure and layout of the website.
  • Design highly interactive pages.
  • Most of the static pages are designed using HTML

2. CSS

CSS ( Cascading Style Sheets ) is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation of a document written in a markup language such as HTML or XML. CSS is a cornerstone technology of the World Wide Web, alongside HTML and JavaScript.

  • The web designer uses CSS that will enhance website layout and presentation.
  • CSS helps to design a webpage using HTML code.
  • CSS is widely used by designers and developers to style a website.

3. JavaScript

JavaScript, often abbreviated to JS, is a programming language that is one of the core technologies of the World Wide Web, alongside HTML and CSS. As of 2022, 98% of websites use JavaScript on the client side for webpage behavior, often incorporating third-party libraries.

  • To make your website interactive, for example, when searching a query on Google or clicking on a button to change the page, there is JavaScript working behind.
  • To enhance user engagement, implementing JavaScript on your website is crucial. For example, when you open Gmail and click on inbox, rather than loading the entire page, a smooth transition will happen and the page will load.

2. Back-end Web Development

Back-end development is also known as server-side web development. The responsibilities of back-end developers are writing code and building the logical parts of the entire website. It mainly focuses on back-end logic, databases, servers, and APIs.

In the web project, the logical part relies on the backend, you may not see the technology used behind developing a website. However, back-end web development is a crucial part of a website.

Which are the languages used in Back-End Development?

1. PHP

PHP is an open-source, server-side programming language that can be used to create websites, applications, customer relationship management systems and more. It is a widely-used general-purpose language that can be embedded into HTML.

  • Widely known language to manage dynamic content, session tracking, databases, eCommerce websites.
  • Integrated with popular databases like MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle

2. Python

Python is a computer programming language often used to build websites and software, automate tasks, and conduct data analysis. Python is a general-purpose language, meaning it can be used to create a variety of different programs and is not specialized for any specific problems.

  • Developers find Python easier to learn and code.
  • Ability to create a framework that is used by any website.
  • Pinterest and Instagram are powered by Python.

3. Java

Developers use Java to construct applications in laptops, data centers, game consoles, scientific supercomputers, cell phones, and other devices. Java is the world’s third most popular programming language, after Python and C – according to the TIOBE index, which evaluates programming language popularity.

  • Java is used to build websites, games, apps, and software.
  • According to Oracle, Java is used by 6 million developers, and it is powering 5.5 billion devices.

4. Dot NET

.NET is a free, cross-platform, open source developer platform for building many different types of applications. With . NET, you can use multiple languages, editors, and libraries to build for web, mobile, desktop, games, IoT, and more.

  • It is a framework, which is used for building software applications using various languages like C#, VB.Net, C++, and F#

5. SQL

SQL is used to communicate with a database. According to ANSI (American National Standards Institute), it is the standard language for relational database management systems. SQL statements are used to perform tasks such as update data on a database, or retrieve data from a database.

  • SQL database query language helps to compute large amounts of data.
  • Helps to collect data from across databases and utilizes it accordingly to your target audience.

6. AngularJS

AngularJS is a platform and framework for building single-page client applications using HTML and TypeScript. Angular is written in TypeScript. It implements core and optional functionality as a set of TypeScript libraries that you import into your applications.

  • It is a type script-based, open-source website development framework.
  • Using Angular, you can easily develop web applications.

7. Scala

Scala is used in Data processing, distributed computing, and web development. It powers the data engineering infrastructure of many companies.

8. Perl

Perl is a high-level, interpreted, general-purpose programming language originally developed for text manipulation. It borrows many features from C and Shell script and is used for system administration, networking, and other applications that involve user interfaces.

9. Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails is used in all types of industries to build web apps and services. This includes applications like marketing websites, CMSs, eCommerce sites, and custom web applications. It’s a popular web framework for startups because its ease of use makes for quick application development with small teams.

10. Rust

Rust is a low-level programming language with direct access to hardware and memory, which makes it a great solution for embedded and bare-metal development. You can use Rust to write operation systems or microcontroller applications.

11. Node JS

Node JS is primarily used for non-blocking, event-driven servers, due to its single-threaded nature. It’s used for traditional web sites and back-end API services, but was designed with real-time, push-based architectures in mind.

12. React JS

React JS is a JavaScript library developed by Facebook which, among other things, was used to build Instagram. Its aim is to allow developers to easily create fast user interfaces for websites and applications alike. The main concept of React JS is a virtual DOM.

13. Vue JS

Vue JS is a progressive framework for JavaScript used to build web interfaces and one-page applications. Not just for web interfaces, Vue. js is also used both for desktop and mobile app development with Electron framework.

14. Objective C

Objective-C is the primary programming language used when writing software for OS X and iOS. It’s a superset of the C programming language and provides object-oriented capabilities and a dynamic runtime.

15. C#

C# (pronounced “See Sharp”) is a modern, object-oriented, and type-safe programming language. C# enables developers to build many types of secure and robust applications that run in dot NET. C# has its roots in the C family of languages and will be immediately familiar to C, C++, Java, and JavaScript programmers.

16. C++

C++ is a fast and strongly-typed programming language which makes it an ideal choice for developing operating systems. Mac OS X has large amounts written in C++. Most of the software from Microsoft like Windows, Microsoft Office, IDE Visual Studio, and Internet Explorer are also written in C++

17. Browser DevTools

Browser DevTools is a set of web development tools that appears next to a rendered web page in the browser. DevTools provides a powerful way to inspect and debug web pages and web apps. You can even edit source files and create website projects, all within the DevTools environment.

18. API

APIs are needed to bring applications together in order to perform a designed function built around sharing data and executing pre-defined processes. They work as the middleman, allowing developers to build new programmatic interactions between the various applications people and businesses use on a daily basis.

19. Git or GitHub

Git or GitHub is a DevOps tool used for source code management. It is a free and open-source version control system used to handle small to very large projects efficiently. Git or GitHub is used to track changes in the source code, enabling multiple developers to work together on non-linear development.

3. Full-stack Web Development

Full-stack web development means the development of both front end and back end. The full-stack web developer should have knowledge of web design, web development, database, and website debugging.

A full-stack developer has the expertise to develop client and server-side web applications and should have database management skills also. Full-stack web developers are well versed in redesigning, building, and speeding up an entire website design and development phase.

Additionally, the responsibilities of full-stack web developers are to search for the web development trends like blockchain, deep learning, and multi-cloud depending upon the projects.

4 Factors to Consider While Choosing a Web Development Language

Along with web development trends, there are essential factors front-end developers and back-end developers should consider while choosing the web development language.

Here are the 4 important factors to consider prior to choosing the web development language.

1. Performance of the Language

Using the language performance benchmark, you get to know how fast the particular web development language will perform. The result might not be exact, but it will give an idea about whether to use a particular language or not.

2. The Deployment Time

The size of the code matters. Because when you plan to deploy your project in a web server / live environment, the optimized and less coded apps will take less time for deployment.

3. Targeted Platform

If you are planning to develop a program for Windows and Linux platforms, then you should develop a program using Java. Because by installing Java Virtual Machine (JVM), your Java program will run on any machine.

4. Easier to Develop and Maintain

The language you choose should be easier to develop and maintain. HTML, Python, Java, and PHP are likely to be easier to maintain. Additionally, web developers are likely to be open to learning these languages.